Contact The Starfall Website is a program service of Starfall Education Foundation, a publicly supported nonprofit organization, c 3. The website opened in September of as a free public service and social enterprise supported by the Polis-Schutz family. Starfall has been teaching children to read with phonics for well over a decade. Our systematic approach, in conjunction with audiovisual interactivity, is perfect for preschool, kindergarten, first grade, second grade, special education, homeschool, and English language development ELD, ELL, ESL.
English contains a number of sounds and sound distinctions not present in some other languages. Speakers of languages without these sounds may have problems both with hearing and with pronouncing them.
Native speakers of ArabicTagalogJapaneseKoreanand important dialects of all current Iberian Romance languages including most of Spanish have difficulty distinguishing [b] and [v], what is known as betacism.
This is present in some English registers—known as l-vocalization —but may be shunned as substandard or bring confusion in others.
Languages may also differ in syllable structure ; English allows for a cluster of up to three consonants before the vowel and five after it e. Japanese and Brazilian Portuguesefor example, broadly alternate consonant and vowel sounds so learners from Japan and Brazil often force vowels between the consonants e.
Similarly, in most Iberian dialects, a word can begin with [s], and [s] can be followed by a consonant, but a word can never begin with [s] immediately followed by a consonant, so learners whose mother tongue is in this language family often have a vowel in front of the word e.
Grammar[ edit ] Tense, aspect, and mood — English has a relatively large number of tense—aspect—mood forms with some quite subtle differences, such as the difference between the simple past "I ate" and the present perfect "I have eaten". Progressive and perfect progressive forms add complexity.
Functions of auxiliaries — Learners teaching writing a summary 4th grade English tend to find it difficult to manipulate the various ways in which English uses auxiliary verbs. These include negation e. He hasn't been drinking. Has he been drinking? Modal verbs — English has several modal auxiliary verbswhich each has a number of uses.
These verbs convey a special sense or mood such as obligation, necessity, ability, probability, permission, possibility, prohibition, intention etc.
These include "must", "can", "have to", "need to", "will", "shall", "ought to", "will have to", "may", and "might".
For example, the opposite of "You must be here at 8" obligation is usually "You don't have to be here at 8" lack of obligation, choice. This complexity takes considerable work for most English language learners to master.
All these modal verbs or "modals" take the first form of the verb after them. These modals most of them do not have past or future inflection, i. Idiomatic usage — English is reputed to have a relatively high degree of idiomatic usage.
Another example is the idiomatic distinction between "make" and "do": Articles — English has two forms of article: In addition, at times English nouns can or indeed must be used without an article; this is called the zero article. Some of the differences between definite, indefinite and zero article are fairly easy to learn, but others are not, particularly since a learner's native language may lack articles, have only one form, or use them differently from English.
Although the information conveyed by articles is rarely essential for communication, English uses them frequently several times in the average sentence so that they require some effort from the learner.
Vocabulary[ edit ] Phrasal verbs — Phrasal verbs also known as multiple-word verbs in English can cause difficulties for many learners because of their syntactic pattern and because they often have several meanings.
There are also a number of phrasal verb differences between American and British English. For example, the prepositions "on" rely on, fall on"of" think of, because of, in the vicinity ofand "at" turn at, meet at, start at are used in so many different ways and contexts, it is very difficult to remember the exact meaning for each one.
When translating back to the ESL learners' respective L1, a particular preposition's translation may be correct in one instance, but when using the preposition in another sense, the meaning is sometimes quite different.
Min is the Arabic word for "from", so it means one "from" my friends. Word formation — Word formation in English requires a lot of rote learning. For example, an adjective can be negated by using the prefixes un- e. Size of lexicon — The history of English has resulted in a very large vocabulary, including one stream from Old English and one from the Norman infusion of Latin -derived terms.
One estimate of the lexicon puts English at aroundunique words. This requires more work for a learner to master the language. Collocations — Collocation in English refers to the tendency for words to occur together with others.Ereading Worksheets Free reading worksheets, activities, and lesson plans.
For many years I did not even teach my seventh and eighth grade students how to summarize. I would just ask them to summarize texts and then get mad at them when they failed to produce quality summaries.
Now I always teach my students how to write . Suitable for KS2. Pack includes: Lesson Plan Interactive Presentation for Lesson Plan in both Powerpoint and PDF formats Homework Help Sheet Superhero Profile Creator Superhero Story Scenarios Please see our KS1 Superhero Story Writing Packs, our KS2 Superhero Mini Saga Lesson Plan and Worksheet and our Superhero Stories Activity Extension Pack for KS1 and KS2.
Teaching Reflection: This lesson is a project that is completed after each of the mini-lessons listed above. After they finish completing their organizer, they write a draft, edit and revise, and then make a beautiful final draft for publishing.
Second Grade Writing Activities. Get young kids writing, creating, and learning with these hands-on activities sure to appeal to your second grader.
Compound Sentences Worksheets Writing Compound Sentences Worksheet Part 1. About this Worksheet: This fun compound sentences worksheet directs the student to create a compound sentence by combining two simple sentences.
A compound sentence . Students in 4th grade are expected to: Students in 4th grade are expected to: Teaching Summarization with Narrative Text. uses the information to write a summary of the text. 3. Students analyze what makes it a summary and discuss as a whole group. Teacher begins a criteria chart that is posted for all to use.