A bar chart is orientated horizontally, whereas a column chart is arranged vertically. Sometimes "bar chart" refers to both forms. These types of charts are usually used for comparison purposes unlike line charts, which describe change. Observe the following chart:
You will be given a line graph, a bar chart, a pie chart, or a table, and you are tested on your ability to interpret the information that is presented in it and describe this in your own words.
Occasionally you will have a diagram or a flow chart and will need to describe the stages of the process or how something works. We will explain more about this in another lesson but for now we will concentrate on describing trends.
For IELTS Academic writing task 1 you must write a minimum of words and you should spend 20 minutes completing this task. Aim for words. In order to do well in this section, you need to know specific vocabulary related to describing trends. We will learn this vocabulary by looking at line graphs.
A graph has an X-axis which gives us information on the horizontal axis, and a Y-axis which gives us information on the vertical axis. It is important to read what each axis is about.
In this graph, the X-axis shows us the time period years, more specifically the years from to If you are not sure about how to say the year in English, see our lesson about it.
The Y axis tells us the number of books sold in thousands. A quick question for you… How many books were sold in ? See the graph above If you say, in … books were sold. This information appears on the Y-axis. With line graphs, it is important to look at the general features or characteristics of the graph and not just repeat the numbers at each time interval.
If you say… inbooks were sold, inbooks were sold, inbooks were sold, in yawn… this is boringyou are just repeating what happens at each time interval.
What is the general trend you can see in the graph? What is another way of saying that something goes in a downward direction? We could use decline, decrease, or drop. So, how can we describe the general trend of this graph?
The graph shows a decline in the number of grammar books sold. Notice how we used a noun in this example …. But this information is a little incomplete.
We need to add the time period. What is the starting point? The graph shows a decline in the number of books sold between and Do you know of another way of saying this time period? The graph shows a decline in the number of grammar books sold over an eight-year period.
The difference between and is eight years. Eight-year is an adjective, and adjectives never have a singular or plural form. Adjectives only have one form. We never say 2 REDS cars. There is no S at the end of RED because it is an adjective. Adjectives have only one form.
This is used to combine the two words to make an adjective or more specifically a compound adjective. Compound Adjectives A compound adjective is when a hyphen is used to join two or more words together to make an adjective. A bonus reason to use compound adjectives is that it shows the examiner you have a very good level of English.
He works a forty-hour week. There is NO S after hour He went on a three-week vacation. There is no S after week It is a four-month contract.
Again, no S after month Now change the following sentences to include a compound adjective: He works 8 hours a day. He works an eight-hour day.This video contains all of the vocabulary you will ever need to describe an IELTS change chart (bar charts, line graphs and tables that show more than one year).
Plus, in the lesson, an experienced IELTS teacher will explain how to make your vocabulary more complex so that you can achieve a or higher for Lexical Resource. The IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 essay has you write a word report about a bar chart, a diagram, a table, or a pie chart.
In each of these formats, you will need to use slightly different language to describe what you see. There are a number of specific words and phrases used to describe and discuss graphs and charts. This vocabulary is especially important when presenting to groups of people.
Much of the language of graphs and charts relates to movement. IELTS writing Task One requires you to describe a graph, chart, table or diagram.
• You must write at least words, and should allow about 20 minutes. • Usually some kind of statistical information is represented in graphic form, and you must translate this into a readable text.
Look at the bar chart, question and sample answer and do the exercises to improve your writing skills. Vocabulary used for describing line graphs and bar charts (rise, fall, fluctuate etc.) should not be used to describe this data.
Write 3 paragraphs. An introduction and 2 body paragraphs.