He was the eldest legitimate son of Sir Timothy Shelley —a Whig Member of Parliament for Horsham from —92 and for Shoreham between —12, and his wife, Elizabeth Pilfold —a Sussex landowner. He received his early education at home, tutored by the Reverend Evan Edwards of nearby Warnham. His cousin and lifelong friend Thomas Medwinwho lived nearby, recounted his early childhood in his The Life of Percy Bysshe Shelley.
Print this page The dissenter Mary Wollstonecraft's A Vindication of the Rights of Women was published at the end of the 18th century - a century marked by the emergence of the philosophical spirit and the concept of 'enlightenment', by the gradual erosion of monarchical authority which reached its apex with the French Revolution inand by the birth of democracy.
While the question of the rights of men engendered lively debate at that time, a woman's lot remained unconsidered. Wollstonecraft, however, was determined to change this and to add a dissenting female voice to the chorus debating political emancipation.
Her childhood was marked by her parents' downward social spiral and by her envy of her eldest brother, who was singled out by their mother's favour and by a wealthy grandfather's will. Her early years were spent, with her family, in following her feckless and violent father across England and Wales - he had given up the weaving for which he had been trained, and was making hopeless Frankenstein companionship essay to be a gentleman farmer.
Inaged 19, she left home to work as lady's companion to a Mrs Dawson, in Bath. Unhappy with her situation, Mary was sustained by a dream of life alone with her beloved friend Fanny Blood, and by a strenuous piety that allowed her to believe in a blissful afterlife, to compensate for her present misery.
Her work was interrupted by a series of family disasters.
Her mother became ill, and Mary returned to London in to nurse her through her fatal illness. Then, inMary faced the depression of her newly married sister Eliza. She responded by encouraging Eliza to leave her unhappy marriage and her new baby. When Mary encountered the inevitable criticism for this behaviour, she gave a robust reply: The Dissenters were people committed to combining reason with piety, and who looked forward to a more just and egalitarian future brought about by individual effort.
The following years saw much intellectual growth for Mary, who learned to broaden her resentment towards her family into an analysis of general social injustice.
Top A woman of sensibility The school collapsed inwhen Mary abandoned it to be with Fanny, who had married and was living in Portugal, but was now dying from consumption.
After Fanny's death inMary had little choice but take up work as a governess, and she took a post with the daughters of Lord and Lady Kingsborough in Ireland. She had made a similar point in the book she had just written, a stern advice manual Thoughts on the Education of Daughtersin which she spoke movingly of the horror of intelligent women being subject to rich fools.
She comforted herself with a belief in her own 'sensibility' which she thought was a woman's glory As she had expected, Mary was unhappy in Ireland. She comforted herself with a belief in her own 'sensibility' - which she thought was a woman's glory, and was proof of superiority.
Sensibility was a loaded 18th-century term relating directly to gender, and at that time indicated extreme delicacy and keenness of feeling in a woman. In her tale 'The Cave of Fancy' Mary describes it as 'The result of acute senses, finely fashioned nerves, which vibrate at the slightest touch, and convey such clear intelligence to the brain, that it does not require to be arranged by the judgment.
The main legacy from this period was her loathing for Lady Kingsborough. In Mary's eyes, as she developed her feminist philosophy, her employer came to stand for all that was wrong in women - their coquetry, their exaggerated weakness, their corrupt manipulating power and their dependence on men for identity.
After a year of suffering depressive illness, and of surviving prickly encounters with Lady Kingsborough, Mary was dismissed in Quiz Questions on Classic Books, Thrillers, World Writers, Nobel Laureates, Poets and Poems, and more.
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Mary Shelley's Frankenstein is one of the masterpieces of nineteenth-century Gothicism. While stay-ing in the Swiss Alps in with her lover Percy Shelley, Lord Byron, and others, Mary, then eighteen, began to concoct the story of Dr.
Victor Frankenstein and the monster he brings to life by electricity. Mary Shelley was born in London in , daughter of William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft, famous radical writers of the day. In she met and soon fell in love with the then-unknown Percy Bysshe Shelley.
In December , after Shelley’s first wife committed suicide, Mary and Percy married. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.
Saturn's Children has 6, ratings and reviews. David said: This book goes down a lot better if you realize that Charles Stross was taking the piss.