Seattle Times, July 9, Infant dies after home circumcision Detectives found no visible marks on the infant's body This is very different from female genital mutilation; that should never even be called circumcision - it's not.
Published August 15, By Brian D.
The world is watching to see how the case turns out. A lot is at stake here. Healthy tissue is not typically removed by this procedure, which is often done by trained clinicians in the communities where it is common.
Long-term adverse health consequences are believed to be rare. Here is why this matters.
Initial, albeit conflicting reports suggest that the Dawoodi Bohra engage in this, or a similarmore limited form of female genital cutting — not the more extreme forms that are often highlighted in the Western media.
This fact alone will make things rather complicated for the prosecution. It is, after all, far less invasive than Jewish ritual male circumcisionwhich is legally allowed on minors in the US, no questions asked. Based on this discrepancy, if attorneys for the Bohra can show a gendered or religious double standard in existing law, the ramifications will be not be small.
The outcome either way will be explosive.
I will dig into the male-female comparison —and explore its legal implications —later on. But the law will not actually be my main focus. On both counts, I argue, at least when it comes to childhood genital cutting, apparently biased policies from the WHO are making things a great deal worse.
When you reduce your ethical analysis to benefit-risk ratios, you miss important questions of value. Take the ritual nick, or male circumcision for that matter, and ask yourself what might be morally problematic about these customs, benefits and risks to one side.
A few possibilities come to mind. The genitals are not like other parts of the body. A person can always undergo a genital procedure later on in life, if that is what they want.
Similar ambivalence can be found among religiously circumcised men. Both kinds of testimony should be taken seriously. Instead, they point to vague, impersonal averages or talk in abstract, theoretical terms.Ethical Issues in Female Genital Mutilation 6 Female Genital Mutilation – What it is and Why it Still Continues 9 Classification 9 How Widely it is Practiced 9 Why the Practice Continues 10 Female Genital Mutilation is a Violation of Human Rights 14 International and Regional Sources of Human Rights Female Genital Mutilation Words | 3 Pages.
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), otherwise known as female circumcision, is a traumatic procedure performed on women and young girls, primarily in Eastern parts of the world. Female genital mutilation comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the female external genitalia and/or injury to the female genital organs for cultural or any other non-therapeutic reasons.
by Alice Domurat Dreger. Republished with kind permission from The Hastings Center Report May/Jun , Volume 28, Issue 3 Pages Subject terms: “Medical ethics,” Surgery, Sexes, Reproductive system, Child development, Babies Abstract. Ethical issues .
Female circumcision Circumcision of females: cultural and medical rationales. Most societies that practise circumcision of boys as a religious or customary rite also practice circumcision of girls or women, also known as female genital mutilation or female genital cutting.
Women have played a critical role in informal peace processes in Syria but must be included formal peace negotiations to achieve lasting peace.