Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. They were used to gain a leg up on trading, have more land to show hegemony, and to please the gods.
The Crusades sparked a fire of religious fervor among thousands of young knights and other Christian believers. Other crusaders were adventurers, fortune seekers, and the poor and destitute. The Seljuk dynasty also extracted high taxes from and sometimes persecuted Christian pilgrims.
The success of the early Crusades also reflected the disarray and weakness of the Arab-Muslim world in the 11th century. The First Crusade —99 was preceded by the Peasant Crusade, a crusade of hungry peasants; most died on the way to the Holy Land.
Some 30, Crusades essay example, mostly Franks and Germans, participated in the First Crusade. The crusaders crossed the Anatolia Peninsula and took Antioch in They then moved on to take Jerusalem in where they massacred thousands of civilians, mostly Eastern Orthodox Christians, considered as heretics by the Catholics, and Jews.
Firsthand accounts describe the city running with blood knee-deep for several days. After taking the city, the crusading knights gathered in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher and proclaimed Godfrey of Bouillon as king.
Godfrey continued the war and extended crusader territory. Some knights settled more or less permanently in the new Crusader States, that at its greatest extent included the Syrian coast and Palestine.
The Crusader States replicated the feudal system prevalent in Europe. Fiefs were given to favored knights who were tied together for common defense. The crusaders built huge castles, often enlarging older Arab fortresses on high ground in strategic locations.
Indigenous Arab villagers were little affected by the crusader rule as they were accustomed to giving tribute to local lords and fulfilling obligations of service during wartime. Likewise the Crusader States had little or no impact on the vast interior regions of the Arab-Muslim world.
Under the crusaders, agriculture remained the mainstay of the economy. However the Crusader States were strategically and economically vulnerable. Church and military orders were exempt from taxation and the Italians enjoyed special extraterritorial rights.
Indeed the Italian city-states who provided transportation at high costs for many crusaders and financial backing, at high interest rates, for expeditions were among the chief beneficiaries of the Crusades.
The Crusader States were also dependent on Italian city-states for supplies from Europe. Conrad returned to Germany because of sickness, but Louis remained to make pilgrimages to the holy sites. At the time of the First Crusade Syria had been close to political collapse as rival powers struggled for ascendancy throughout the eastern Mediterranean after the collapse of the Abbasids.
However Muslims challenged the crusaders and launched a series of counterattacks to regain control of Jerusalem and Syria. Saladin proved the most formidable Muslim opponent. He united the Muslims and at the Battle of Horns of Hattin in the summer of stopped crusader expansion into the heartland of the Arab world.The Crusades Begin.
The Crusades where a sequence of wars starting in , and ending in A total of nine Crusades. It was a battle between the Christians and the Muslims, both sides having the same goal of taking the holy land. Essay on The Crusades: A Successful Failure - Founder of Constantinople, Constantine claimed the great Byzantine Empire and in turn inherited the new Holy Roman Empire.
With the Edict of Milan in , Constantine proclaimed religious tolerance of Christians throughout the . The Crusades Essay Sample.
The Crusades took place in the Middle East between and They were used to gain a leg up on trading, have more land to show hegemony, and to please the gods. The Crusades were military excursions made by Western European Christians during the late eleventh century through the late thirteenth century.
The proclaimed purpose of the Crusades, which were.
Free Essay: The Crusades were a series of Holy Wars launched by the Christian states of Europe against the Saracens and the rescuing of holy places of. The Crusades Critical Essays. Homework Help For example, Krey has observed The Crusades impacted the Renaissance through the ways in which they made knowledge from eastern cultures.