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A curtain can be removed easily, an iron curtain cannot. A curtain temporarily shuts off one area from another. An iron curtain symbolically represents an attempted to permanently, artificially and arbitrarily split off an area from its neighbors.
Such an arbitrary border, frequently imposed by outside powers, directly and indirectly affects the lives of the people on both sides. Day to day social contacts between people on both sides can suddenly be cut off. Economic contacts, perhaps those underway for centuries, can suddenly be cut off or continued only under strictly regulated conditions.
The effects of such a border, in particular that in Europe, can be felt worldwide. An arbitrary border can bring peace to a war torn area, but at the risk of a far greater war then had been seen before. Perversely, this very risk can bring peace, by raising the stakes if a war starts to unacceptable levels.
A curtain, even one made of iron, might have added just a bit of decoration, might have added to the quality of the scenery.
There was no literal iron curtain, but there was a lot of steel — barbed wire, ground radar, watch towers, machine guns in the hands of soldiers willing to use them.
One could tell where democracy ended and totalitarianism began, on borders extending from the Arctic Circle almost to the Mediterranean Sea. The "Iron Curtain," a phrase introduced to the public in a speech by former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill inrepresented the European part of the "Cold War," the generally peaceful but highly dangerous forty-year competition between the United States and its allies and the Soviet Union and its allies.
The Iron Curtain, symbolic though it was, had a geographic center -- West Berlin. West Berlin had a democratically elected mayor. Despite Soviet protests, and despite an official status summarized in a treaty as "not a constituent part of the Federal Republic of Germany and not governed by it," West Berlin was effectively part of West Germany.
Beginning inWest Berlin had a steel and concrete curtain surrounding the city and cutting it off from East Berlin and East Germany, the country established from the Soviet zone of occupation of Germany.
The wall had been intended to keep East Germans from fleeing to West Berlin and freedom. With a few exceptions, it did that. But it also made a rather crude statement that Communist governments, running self-declared workers paradises, did not trust their own people not to leave when they had the chance.
The Berlin Wall declared that freedom was too much of a temptation; that not even an official, if arbitrary and artificial, border was not enough. A real wall was necessary. One of the central events of the Cold War occurred on June 26,about half way through the Cold War, just a few feet from the Berlin Wall.
The Cold War, at least the tense standoff between the two superpowers, had eased off from the Cuban Missile Crisis of October The ill-advised Soviet placement of offensive nuclear weapons in Cuba, 90 miles from the southern tip of the United States, had come within hours, or less, of touching off a nuclear war.
By Juneboth sides had pulled back from that highly dangerous brink. The treaty banning nuclear weapons testing in the atmosphere, the first such treaty between the USSR and the United States, was being negotiated.
Military tensions were easing. The arbitrary border called the Iron Curtain, however, remained as strong as ever. Europe was still split, with contacts between the sections limited.
Eastern Europe was still not free, continuing under the tight control of the Soviets. The Berlin Wall still stood. American President John F. Kennedy, visiting Europe, had come for a brief trip to Berlin to show continued American support for West Germany and for Berlin.
As Kennedy spoke, a real curtain, large and red, made of cloth, hung on the Brandenderg Gate, the ceremonial center of the old and united Berlin, just inside East Berlin.
The curtain, as was intended, blocked Kennedy's view into East Berlin, and East Berliners' view of him. The climax of Kennedy's speech is what is remembered about that day.
The climax was particularly dramatic, even for a President known for dramatic speeches: Let them come to Berlin. There are some who say that Communism is the wave of the future. When that day finally comes, as it will, the people of West Berlin can take sober satisfaction in the fact that they were in the front lines for almost two decades.
A citizen of Berlin was "Berliner.The "Iron Curtain," a phrase introduced to the public in a speech by former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in , represented the European part of the "Cold War," the generally peaceful but highly dangerous forty-year competition between the United States and .
The Iron Curtain was the name for the boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in until the end of the Cold War in The term symbolizes the efforts by the Soviet Union to block itself and its satellite states from open contact with the West and its allied states.
On the east side of the Iron Curtain were the countries that were connected to or.
The Iron Curtain and War of Ideologies The world began to see a complete separation between Eastern and Western countries. The Soviet Union created the Eastern Bloc with the eastern European countries it occupied as satellite states.
Yalta Conference The Division Of Germany History Essay. Print Reference this. Yalta Conference & the Division of Germany, The Iron Curtain and War of Ideologies. The world began to see a complete separation between Eastern and Western countries.
The Soviet Union created the Eastern Bloc with the eastern European countries it. Start studying The Cold War. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
What is the difference between the Berlin wall and the iron curtain? was the longest barbed wire fence in history, dividing East & West Germany.
of WWII a Yalta conference was held in